Understanding Mental Health
Mental health is affected by events in life that leave a great impact on a person’s personality and behavior. These events can take the form of domestic violence, child abuse, or severe long-term stress.
If mental health is disturbed, then mental disorders or mental illness arise. Mental disorders can change the way a person handles stress, relates to others, makes choices, and triggers the desire to hurt oneself.
Some of the most common types of mental disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and psychosis. Some mental illnesses only occur in certain types of sufferers, such as postpartum depression that only affects mothers after giving birth.
Mental Health Symptoms
Mental disorders or mental illness can start with some of the following symptoms, including:
– Shout or fight with family and friends.
– Delusions, paranoia, or hallucinations.
– Loss of ability to concentrate.
– Constant fear, worry or guilt.
– Inability to cope with stress or everyday problems.
– Excessive anger and prone to violence.
– Have unforgettable bad experiences and memories.
– Have thoughts of hurting yourself or others.
– Withdraw from people and daily activities.
– Hearing voices or believing something that is not true.
– Experiencing unexplained pain.
– Experiencing drastic mood swings that cause problems in relationships with other people.
– Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, angry, offended, anxious, irritated, worried, and afraid.
– Feeling sad, meaningless, helpless, hopeless, or hopeless.
– Smoking, drinking more alcohol than usual, or even using drugs.
– Drastic changes in eating habits, such as eating too much or too little.
– Changes in sex drive.
– Significant fatigue, decreased energy, or trouble sleeping.
– Unable to perform daily activities such as caring for children or going to school or work.
– Unable to understand situations and people.
Causes of Mental Health
Some of the common causes of mental disorders include:
– Head injury.
– Genetic factors or there is a family history of mental disorders.
– Domestic violence or other abuse.
– Child abuse or a history of childhood abuse.
– Have abnormalities in brain chemical compounds or disorders of the brain.
– Experiencing discrimination and stigma.
– Experiencing the loss or death of someone very close.
– Experiencing social disadvantage, such as poverty or debt problems.
– Caring for a chronically ill family member or friend.
– Unemployment, job loss, or homelessness.
– The influence of toxic substances, alcohol, or drugs that can damage the brain.
– Severe stress experienced for a long time.
– Being socially isolated or feeling lonely.
– Living in a bad residential neighborhood.
– Significant trauma, such as military battles, serious accidents, or crimes and has been experienced.
Mental Health Risk Factors
Some risk factors for mental disorders, including:
– Women have a high risk of developing depression and anxiety, while men have a higher risk of developing substance dependence and antisocial behavior.
– Women after giving birth.
– Had problems in childhood or lifestyle problems.
– Having a profession that triggers stress, such as a doctor and entrepreneur.
– Have a history of a family member or family member with mental illness.
– Have a history of birth with abnormalities in the brain.
– Have a history of mental illness before.
– Experiencing failure in life, such as school or work life.
– Abusing alcohol or illegal drugs.
Mental Health Diagnosis
A psychiatrist or psychiatrist will diagnose a mental disorder by starting a medical interview and a complete psychiatric interview regarding the history of the course of symptoms in the sufferer and the history of the disease in the patient’s family. Then, proceed with a thorough physical examination to rule out the possibility of other diseases.
If necessary, the doctor will ask for supporting examinations, such as thyroid function tests, alcohol and drug screening, and CT scans to determine if there are abnormalities in the sufferer’s brain. If the possibility of other diseases has been eliminated, the doctor will provide medication and a treatment plan to help manage the sufferer’s emotions.